Flower bulbs can be classified according to their flowering period. These plants, which may flower in summer or spring, distinguish themselves from each other and are grown using certain techniques. They have many similarities in regard to their petals’ colour and can be planted indoors or outdoors. Flower bulbs, which are mainly ornamental, include plants that have a swollen part to be planted in the soil that is easy to maintain and grow.

Summer and winter flower bulbs can easily be planted and maintained. They can serve as important elements for decorating indoor and outdoor spaces.

Planting and maintaining spring bulbs

Bulbous plants such as grape hyacinth, Eranthis hyemalis, snowdrop, and crocus that bloom in spring, are very varied. Some spring bulbs, such as daffodils and hyacinths, are very large, while tulips have an average size. Small bulbs should be placed in a 1.5 to 2.8-inch (4 to 7 cm) hole, medium-sized bulbs need to be buried about 4 inches (10 cm) deep, and the larger ones are to be planted in 6 to 8-inch (15 to 20 cm) holes. Whether in containers, lined up in hedges or arranged on a lawn, spring flower bulbs are to be planted from September to early December in an area exposed to the sun. Indoors, spring bulbs need to be arranged in line to obtain an exceptional mass decoration and compact flowers. The plants like amaryllis are to be grown on their own and in large containers. These plants’ maintenance consists of performing regular waterings, and gently getting rid of their dried-up leaves and flowers. Plants overly exposed to the wind need to be attached to stakes in order to be less vulnerable. It is advisable to put the bulbs in the refrigerator or in a dry, cool and dark place for a week. The treated bulbs should then bloom a few weeks after being planted. For indoor decoration, it is recommended to combine spring bulbs such as tulips, crocuses and snowdrops with aromatic plants to obtain blends of scents and colours.

Planting and maintaining summer bulbs

Summer flower bulbs should be planted in spring and dug out in the fall to be kept away from the cold in winter. Most of them can be planted in the sun, except for tuberous begonia and buttercups which thrive in the shade. The in-ground planting method is fairly simple. Using a dibble, dig a hole in which the bulb will be placed. Direct the bulb’s growth upwards, bring back the soil, tamp it lightly and water moderately. Canna is a flower bulb that strongly resembles the banana tree, and that can provide a beautiful setting when planted in clumps. Planting summer bulbs in containers is easy. All that is needed is for the container in which the bulb will be planted to be well-drained. To ensure drainage, place a layer of sand or gravel at the container’s bottom before adding the potting soil, and possibly clay. Summer flowers bulbs require no special care, but some plants such as canna, glad, dahlia and begonia need to be sheltered from the cold.

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Published in Flower guide by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011