Caring for potted plants is not a demanding task but requires some time and attention. But it is also necessary to know the right techniques and their proper timing in order to constantly meet the plants’ evolving and seasonal needs. Thus, prolific growth of vegetation can be ensured throughout the year. Similarly, the plants’ brightness and the duration of their flowering each coming spring will also be improved.

The good season refers to the period lasting from May until the end of October. Also, if you want to plant for the first time, you must set up the plant in a container filled with an equal mixture of sand, potting soil and garden peat; all of which will rest on a gravel bed placed at the bottom of the container and which will assist in draining any excess irrigation water. Once spring arrives, renew the soil mixture in the container and make sure that its permeability is lasting This is the appropriate time to bring the plant its weekly supply of fertilizer. But this time period it is also difficult to handle because excessive sunlight and heat must be avoided as well as overly abundant or spaced-out waterings.

Caring for potted plants

Avoid compacting the soil or splashing it by an overly intense watering. Finally, small periodic clod breaking operations give the soil sufficient ventilation in depth. Wilted flowers need to be cut off so as not to deplete the plant unnecessarily. Fertilization can be carried out either by natural manure, liquid fertilizer, or by fertilizer beads, for good flower production. Make sure your plant is not covered with ants. This usually indicates that aphids are not far away. Also be careful in regard to the roots which can deplete the plant once they start forming a cluster or a ball. The plants must then be transplanted into a larger container and their dead roots must be removed. Place a few pebbles or ceramic fragments in the container before repotting the plants in order to allow the roots to breathe and to facilitate water drainage. During the summer, the plant must constantly have sufficient waterings, light and nutrients or it will die. In such cases, you will need to replant another autumn-flowering species.

Winter care

As of October, vulnerable plants must be sheltered from the rain, cold and wind. During the winter season, potted plants are to be brought inside or, if possible, installed in a garden greenhouse with controlled humidity and temperature. Indeed, frost can be a tremendous threat for fragile plants. Some are able to withstand it for a day or two but those native to warm countries suffer as soon as the temperature drops to 50 ° F. They must be overwintered indoors, while their watering is to be reduced as well. The same is true for Cactaceae which inevitably rot in the rain and cold without sunlight. On the other hand, they can go the whole winter without any watering. Plants of Mediterranean origin, for their part, must be protected and provided with sufficient brightness as soon as mid-October. In general, because of the reduced length of daylight hours in winter, green plants must be permanently lit during overwintering. Deciduous plants cannot be overwintered in darkness. Vines or vine-like plants should be trimmed to reduce their size and clutter before being brought inside. Finally, the pots that cannot be brought inside need to be wrapped in newspaper sheets, while the plants should be covered with transparent winter protection that allows the plants to breathe. All these plants will not regain the open air until the following spring.

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Published in Care by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011