The Japanese garden is a beautiful landscape creation and allows you to unwind and relax. When you take care of, it gives you an incredible feeling of well-being, but before you enjoy the positive vibes it gives off, you must first arrange according to theĀ  rule book. The following paragraphs will show you how to create an originalĀ  Japanese garden.

The art of Japanese garden is, against all expectations, rooted in Chinese culture before developing in the Land of the Rising Sun from the Middle Ages. It aims to promote nature and reproduce it in its most serene appearance through landscaped gardens laid out in a specific manner. Japanese gardens combine stone, greenery (trees and flowering plants) and water in a harmonious blend that is actually planned to the last detail. Light – natural or artificial – provides the finishing touch for a surprising result. The gardens of the Golden Pavilion (Kinkakuji), located in Kyoto and dating from the fourteenth century, are perhaps the best examples. To replicate this zen marvel at home, you must first have the right elements on hand.

Choosing the right plants to create a Japanese garden

Since the main objective of the Japanese garden is to replicate nature, the choice of the plants used to decorate the garden is essential. And we must say that the choice is vast, especially in regard to the trees. Among the most commonly used trees to create a Japanese garden are the pine trees – European Black Pine, Japanese pine or Mountain pine, maple, Japanese cherry, which is very decorative, magnolia, Oregon grape, yucca and of course bamboo – a must for gardens with Asian overtones. As for the flowers, the choice is more limited because the Japanese garden should not be overloaded and a certain harmony of colours needs to prevail. Landscape gardeners therefore recommended choosing a blend of Japanese iris – for the ponds’ borders – with rhododendrons, and early and late-blooming azaleas. Most of these plants grow in the wild on acidic ground and it is therefore necessary to amend the soil to provide them with good growing conditions. Similarly, add a few perennials to the garden so that it is not completely bare in winter. And to brighten up the bodies of water, some water lilies, water pineapple, and water hyacinth are sufficient. In short, the plants in the Japanese garden plants do not require much maintenance but only to be well-arranged for emphasis.

Other essential elements of a Japanese garden

Besides plants, the Japanese garden is centred on the water bodies that make it up. Indeed, water reflects sunlight and brings an additional soothing and refreshing touch to the garden. If the available space allows it, the easiest way to incorporate water is to create small ponds with rocky bottoms and to include a few goldfish, which are lucky charms for the Japanese. A few patches of greenery – with a few trees or flower beds – will be built in their middle for a perfect visual effect. Blocks of rough stone, in odd number, will be thrown in a seemingly – yet planned – disorderly fashion in the ponds to create the famous Japanese paths. If the garden is of smaller proportions, stone fountains will be installed throughout the garden to symbolize the water element, the ideal being to invest in one or more tsukubai, the wash-stand fountains made of stone and bamboo that are mainly used in Buddhist temples. The characteristic sound of water flowing from these fountains accentuates the place’s Zen atmosphere and perfectly recreates nature in its deepest sense. Lanterns or stone candle jars can be placed around the garden so that it is lit at night and loses nothing of its charm. These lights’ layout and electrical connections can be quite tedious and resorting to professional help may be necessary. Do not hesitate in regard to spending because the end result is well worth the investment. Note that a Japanese garden can also simply include plants and stones. This is much less picturesque than a garden with an aquatic note but it is still able to produce the desired effect. The vast majority of the elements needed to create a Japanese garden are available in garden centres, so why not give it a go today?

Related posts:

  1. Growing a Japanese maple
  2. Creating a relaxing area in the garden
  3. Creating a garden on dry land
  4. Creating a flower garden
  5. Creating a grove of conifers

Published in Pleasure gardens by Alexander on 03 Aug 2011