Usually vegetables grow better in the sun than in the shade, but gardening in the shade is still feasible. Of course, the end products will be smaller in size, but there are a number of vegetables that grow well with an average exposure to the sun of 3 to 6 hours per day. Moreover, despite the fact that the vegetable garden is in the shade, it is possible to improve its yield with a few simple tips.

Creating a vegetable garden in the shade is not always easy. Indeed, most vegetables require lots of light and sufficient sun exposure to bear quality fruit. This does not mean that it is impossible to set up a vegetable garden in the shade. To go about it, you will need to apply a few tricks. This will include some changes to optimize light exposure, as well as a selection of vegetables suited to this type of land.

Tips for planting vegetables in the shade

The sun is a valuable asset when growing vegetables, as it provides them with both light and heat, two elements essential to their development. In that regard, if the garden is set up in the shade or partial shade, one must find a way to capture the light. To do this, it is advisable to position the crops towards the best possible exposure, particularly to facing south or south west. Moreover, whenever possible, it is advisable to prune the obstacles that generate shade, such as hedgerows, trees, etc..

Among other things, maximize exposure to light by setting up ridges on which reflective materials will be placed. This is a very simple system to capture the sun’s rays, to bounce them back onto the vegetable garden. In concrete terms, this consists of setting up a board in a vertical position and covering it with a colour or material that absorbs light. In case the shadow is cast by a wall, paint it in a light hue. Thus, the light will be reflected onto the vegetable garden. For an even better result, combine this system with the creation of a ridge.

Finally, in regard to the capture of heat, there is nothing more efficient than the greenhouse effect. For this, several methods are available including the use of tunnels, garden fabric, row covers or cold frames. In this case, the device will capture the sun’s heat and light to create a warm and dry environment in the vegetable garden. The plants will thus be protected and able to grow properly. However, it is recommended to ensure that the heat does not become excessive. To do so, make sure that the device has a good ventilation system.

The choice of vegetables to plant in the shade

Since most vegetables require a lot of light, the choice of species suitable for shaded vegetable gardens is limited. Fruiting vegetables, such as cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers, are not recommended. However, raspberries, cranberries, wild strawberries and blueberries are not to be excluded because partially shaded areas are favourable to their growth.

In addition, other types of plants, such as leafy vegetables, legumes and root vegetables, adapt rather well to shaded areas. Among the thop10 choices, we can include leafy vegetables such as salads (including watercress, lettuce, endive, etc.)., broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and spinach. Then, in the legume category, we can mention peas and beans. Beets and radishes are also suitable root vegetables. Other vegetables can also grow in the shade, but will likely be of smaller size than if they were planted in the sun.

Related posts:

  1. Creating a vegetable garden
  2. Creating a garden on dry land
  3. Private vegetable gardens
  4. Arranging a vegetable garden in a small space
  5. The vegetable garden: choosing varieties & organizing flowerbeds

Published in Individuals by Alexander on 14 Sep 2011