Cultivation on clay soil is hard, and some plants cannot grow properly on this type of ground. To plant several varieties of flowers, it is necessary to modify the soil’s texture and composition. Nevertheless, several hundred species of plants are able to grow on this type of land. Clay soils that have been previously arranged may be suitable for most plants.

However, working on clay land that has been left on its own can be quite tedious. Ground containing large amounts of clay must have its texture modified so that it can suit most plants.

Recognizing clay soil

A clay soil is generally recognizable by its reddish hue. The clay soil is composed of very fine particles which swell when they come in contact with water, producing a soft, very sticky mixture, particularly waterproof. In dry periods, the soil hardens and cracks, making the job all the more difficult. To garden on clay soil, it is possible to work the land without making any amendment, although this requires choosing plant varieties able to survive in these environments. In order to plant certain varieties of flowers, it is essential to amend the soil.

Improving the texture of clay soil

Some plants can adapt to texture variations in clay soils, finding in these types of land all the trace elements essential for their normal growth. It is best to diversify crop types by changing the texture of clay soil. Rather heavy in its natural state, clay soil should be lightened by adding peat and masonry sand, both of which will favour water drainage. It is recommended to spread mulch on the ground’s surface to retain water in the summer. The surface layer to be spread on the floor is made of wood chips, potting soil, crushed straw, gravel or pine bark. Over the months, these elements will turn into humus, organic elements useful for plant growth.

Plants adapted to clay soil

Many plants such as climbing varieties, annuals, perennials and rock, grow properly on clayey ground. Among these plants, we can include Japanese anemone, alpine sea holly, daylilies, hyacinths, and iris germanica. Narcissus, carnations, primroses, Helianthus, sunflower, meadowsweet, and hollyhock can grow on clay soil. Coniferous trees such as the plum tree, the cherry tree, the maple, the false cypress, the Judas tree, and the apple tree can adapt to clay soil. Poplar, pine, fir, chestnut, willow, lime, hazel, bog Labrador tea or Guelder rose can grow on this type of ground. Some shrubs and bushes such as laurel, azalea, camellia, hydrangea, holly, magnolia, purple willow grow on this type of soil.

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Published in Specific by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011