The vegetable garden is always a source of pleasure and income, but particularly of fresh produce  readily available at will, for those who know to manage it properly. For the vegetable garden to yield an optimal production, several tasks must be done methodically throughout the year. The use of chemicals should be avoided because natural alternatives exist for feeding the earth and vegetables.

The vegetable garden is an interesting option for those who want to have fresh produce from the earth on hand. A small plot of land, some tools and work are needed for your vegetable garden to produce quality fruit, vegetables and flowers.

Organizing the space for a vegetable garden

It is true that the size of the vegetable garden depends on the available space, so it is imperative to organize the size and layout of the land parcels to be exploited as best as possible. In general, the width of a planting bed should not exceed the arm length of a squatting man, so as to allow the gardener to care for a row of crops without needing to set a foot in. Avoid installing a planting bed against the walls of the house so as not to endanger the foundations because of watering. Be especially careful to leave enough space between two planting beds to allow the passage of gardening material, such as a wheelbarrow for example. Crop rotation should also be taken into account to avoid depleting the soil.

Ground preparation

All grounds are not adapted to all types of cultures. It is thus recommended to know the specificities of the ground on which you want to cultivate. Overly compact soil will yield less than loose soil for example.  Plants requiring basic ground will not do well on acidic soil. Small equipment or products that allow you to test your soil can be easily found in the trade. In accordance with the obtained results, the gardener then needs to amend the soil to grow the desired plants. Tillage is an essential operation to remove stones from the ground. Various types of fertilizers can be found in the trade but it is recommended to use compost and natural products to provide the plants with their nutritional requirements, while simultaneously protecting the environment.

How to maintain the crops?

The plants must be grown in a sunny spot sheltered from the wind. Watering is an important element that should not be overlooked. You can either use a watering can or install a drip irrigation system. Hoeing the ground to air out the soil can prove itself advantageous. An adage says that hoeing once is worth watering twice. This operation can be combined with weeding. The removed weeds allow water and minerals to better penetrate the soil. Removing parasites is also essential maintenance given that the plants’ enemies are numerous. Slugs, aphids, snails and other pests must be fought off regularly, but in a manner that is respectful of the environment, to ensure optimum yield at harvest.

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  4. Setting up a garden pond
  5. Planting flowers in a vegetable garden

Published in Creating a vegetable garden by Alexander on 07 Sep 2011