Gardening is an ideal leisure activity for enjoying the beautiful weather while embellishing the landscape. Flowers give your home a feeling of freshness and well-being. It is also a way to awaken the artist in you by giving your garden a personal and decorative touch. For this, there are different manners to proceed, from the choice of plants to the specific techniques and tools to use.

Although sowing and planting flowers seems to be child’s play, the fact is that a personalized garden is always nice to have. Thus, regardless of your home, apartment or a house, having flowers at home beautifies the home and maintaining them is a great way to relax and unwind. But before planting flowers, it is important to know the types of plants available to you. Indeed, different species are planted in various manners and the conditions they require also differ. Then, choose the type of planting, in-ground or in trays. Some also opt for planting in containers. Finally, the seeds can also be different depending on the gardener. And to be a good gardener, the first thing to do is to bring the right tools. Among those, the most commonly used are the rake, the watering can, the spade, the hoe, the trowel, sprayer and other accessories.

Choosing the flowers to be planted

Four types of flowers are available to you for decorating your garden. First of all, annual flowers grow in a cycle in which the growth, flowering and wilting follow one another in a single year. Wallflowers, petunias, snapdragons and sunflowers belong to this category. They must therefore be planted in January, unlike biennials which are rather planted in autumn for the simple reason that they bloom twice a year, especially during the hot seasons like summer and spring. The most popular biennial plant varieties are the forget-me-nots and foxgloves. Finally, there also are perennial plants, which require less maintenance than the first two categories due to the fact that they are more resistant to the heat and frost. They are particularly long-lasting and just need to be planted once for them to bloom over and over for some years during the hot season. Among the latter category are Gypsophila, asters and oxeye daisies.

The flowers’ location

After choosing the seeds you want to grow, the next step is the choice of location. You can choose between in-ground planting, which requires a garden, or planting in trays if you live in an apartment. In the first case, the ground must be prepared in the fall. This means that the soil must be enriched with peat and manure before being tilled. Then, sow the seeds and cover them up with earth before watering them. When the seedlings begin to be visible, do not hesitate to remove any excess shoots to give them more space and stimulate their growth. At flowering, it is recommended to enrich the soil with fertilizer and to remove weeds and wilted flowers. The second method is to plant in a container. For this purpose, it is always recommended to enrich the earth with sand, potting soil, fertilizer or manure. Moreover, the tank’s bottom should be lined with a layer of gravel to allow water to seep out.  This layer will subsequently be covered with soil and fertilizer up to the tray’s edges. The seeds are then sown before being covered up with a thin layer of soil. To stimulate growth, place a glass lid over the tray and place it in the sun from time to time. Once the plant starts to emerge, make provisions for other containers that will be used for transplanting to facilitate growth. Finally, watering should be regularly carried out with a spray to keep the plants hydrated.

Planting flowers and giving the garden an aesthetic look

Several sowing methods exist to give your plants an aesthetic look. First of all, there is in-line sowing, which consists of lining up the seeds with a distance of 1.2 to 2 inches (3 to 5 cm) between them. At flowering, the shoots will then form a line. This is a method used for in-ground planting as well as planting in trays or in a greenhouse. Notwithstanding, you can resort to various methods, including sowing the seeds in the shape of a curve or a spiral, as long as they are spread one after the other. A second method is to sow on-the-fly, that is to say, by dispersing seeds randomly. The advantage of the latter approach is the natural touch it brings. It allows you to have bushy clumps and gives volume to your plants. In addition, it helps to fill small garden imperfections, such as holes or bumps. During sowing, the only thing to avoid is to make a pile with the seeds. The last type of sowing is bunch-sowing. In this case, two or more seeds are put into the holes to get the best possible seedlings. It is ideal for climbing flowers, for concealing fences but also to embellish the fences and garden.

Related posts:

  1. Sowing and planting flowers
  2. Spring flowers
  3. Flowering shrubs
  4. Summer flowers

Published in Flower guide by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011