For a successful sowing, choose the appropriate technique for growing a clearly defined floral variety. The flowers are categorized according to their longevity and growth cycle. Those that can survive in-ground through the winter are called perennials, and those that only last a year are referred to as annuals. Flowers can be sown in-ground or in containers, on an enriched soil.

Prior to seeding, a deep ploughing must be carried out in autumn on manure-enriched ground. The soil is loosened in the spring, and must be rid of stones with the help of a rake. The seeds are then spread approximately every inch (3 cm) in thin furrows on ground that will have been previously well-levelled. The seeds are covered with a thin layer of soil of which the thickness will be equivalent to the size of the seed. Small seeds should be mixed with sand for better dispersion on the ground. The tray in which seeding is carried out must be filled with gravel to a third of its height to facilitate drainage. The remaining volume is made up of about 1 inch (2 cm) of an equal mixture of sand, potting soil and sprayed peat. The seeds’ planting bed should be level so that the seeds are well spread.

Sowing seeds

To grow properly, the seeds require warmth and an adequate amount of moisture. The plantlets are watered and grown until their size requires transplantation into a larger container. The seeds of biennial flowers are sown in spring or autumn in bins that are sheltered from the cold. Annual flowers, depending on variety, can be sown in sheltered containers or directly in the garden at the end of winter. Perennial plants are directly sown in-ground in January. They can be propagated by division of the tuft or the taking of cuttings. Some flowers can be propagated using different techniques.

Planting flowers

Some perennials can reproduce with their underground parts consisting of bulbs, tubers or rhizomes. Depending on species, they flower in spring or summer. The bulbs are to be buried in amended and well-drained soil. If the soil is sticky and damp because of its high clay content, set up a sand bed to accommodate the bulbs to be planted. A dibble is used to bury these bulbs at a depth equivalent to 2 to 3 times their diameter. Rhizomes and tubers are to be planted deep in rows or in small planting canals destined for the stakes. Installing stakes allows one to mark these plants’ exact location and to attach the future secondary stems. This will stimulate the foliage’s development to create a harmonious ensemble.

Related posts:

  1. Spring flowers
  2. Summer flowers
  3. Autumn Flowers

Published in Flower guide by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011