Compost is a the end product of the composting process which is a recycling technique of organic waste. The resulting product is a natural quality amendment that is healthy and clean, to be used in your  vegetable garden. By using compost, you will make your soil more fertile and you can improve your production. Using compost offers economic benefits as well since it reduces expenses linked to transportation of household waste.

You can make your own compost in one of your garden’s corners. By resorting to this eco-friendly method, you contribute n to the protection of the environment and fight against pollution.

Compost, a product resulting from the composting of organic waste

Composting is a process that consists of breaking down biodegradable waste. It is a biological process that combines the action of micro-organisms (such as fungi and bacteria), water and oxygen to decompose organic matter. The end result is a product similar to potting soil called compost. Rich in humic compounds, compost is easily assimilated by plants. For composting, you need organic waste such as food waste, like leftover bread, peels, vegetable tops, paper filters, and even coffee grounds. Garden waste such as dead leaves or weeds are also recyclable. The same applies to household waste such as shavings, tissue paper or wood ashes.

The technique for making compost

Compost is obtained by resorting to the natural recycling process that breaks down organic matter so that it is easily absorbed by the plants’ roots. Composting can be done in a pile or in a bin. The compost heap is easy to make and does not require much maintenance. However, it has several disadvantages: the rate of compost formation will be slower because the pile of waste will be exposed to bad weather. Furthermore, composting in a heap is not very aesthetic. Composting in a bin is the most rational method. To do this, work with a ready-to-use composter or build one yourself, which certainly is a more economical alternative. You need some logs and planks of wood for a composter of which the capacity is about 35 cubic feet (1 m³). You can also use pallets to facilitate the assembly. In any case, make sure you have a removable side. Thus, whenever you need compost, you can get get some easily. The compost must be in contact with the ground however take care to line the bottom with small branches to promote air circulation and drainage. Moist residues such as food waste and dry yard debris will be arranged in 2-inch (5 cm) thick alternating layers. The top layer covering the whole will be made of true compost or soil. Fermentation causes a rise in temperature. The mixture needs to be stirred every two weeks to favour aeration. This blend must also be homogeneous. The volume of the compost obtained at the end of the process will be reduced by 1 / 3 the original volume because some of the matter will have been consumed by micro-organisms during composting.

The use of compost: ecological and economical benefits

There are numerous ecological advantages linked to the use of compost. Composting allows the recovery of recyclable organic matter, which account for nearly 30% of the total amount of waste. In addition, the use of compost helps prevent pollution caused by chemical fertilizers, with the assurance of obtaining fertile and clean soil. By cutting down on the amount of household waste, you also limit the garbage truck’s frequency of transportation and, thereby, atmospheric pollution as well. Compost also has beneficial effects on the diffusion of nutrients in the soil, which will be used by plant roots. As such, it can significantly improve soil porosity as well as its water holding capacity, all the while reducing risks of plant diseases. It goes without saying that using compost rich in trace elements in your vegetable garden will undoubtly improve your production.

The use of compost is also very economical because you do not need to purchase fertilizer. On top of that, you can even consider starting a compost production company that will enable job creation. Composting is an activity that can be conducted as an individual, school or community project. In terms of regional bodies in charge of solid waste management, there are existing programs for training future trainers. The aim of this training is to allow for the installation of composting units at the individual or community level.

Related posts:

  1. Grinding vegetables to make compost

Published in Organic by Alexander on 06 Sep 2011