The flowery meadow is a creation designed to embellish nature and the environment. It takes an active role in preserving the biodiversity and the balance of fauna and flora. Given that some animals require the presence of such a natural environment to grow and multiply, these same animals help to perpetuate these flowers’ plant cycle and blooming. Thus, by creating a nice-looking flowery meadow, one makes a contribution to the environment and to the well-being of humanity in general.

Creating a flowery meadow landscape requires knowledge of the terrain’s characteristics, whether its soil is depleted, rich, moist, dry, sandy, rocky, etc… All these details are important to know in order to help you make a choice of flowers that suit the chosen plot of land. However, it should be noted that the flowers that grow in the meadows are predominantly wild and do not require specific ground maintenance. In case it its too rich, it is even useful to deplete the soil prior to sowing, as soil that is too rich and wet is not suitable for wild flowers. The climate must also be taken into account before choosing the compositions of flowery meadows, as each flower species may have different needs in terms of climate type. In a floral arrangement, varieties that bloom in winter, summer or spring are sometimes blended on purpose for continuous flowering. And finally, keep in mind that these flowery meadows will allow some animals to develop. Thus, there are meadows intended for butterflies, birds, or to attract bees, just as there also exist blends that repel malicious or harmful insects.

Ground preparation

Whatever the type of terrain or its previous use, it needs to be depleted if it was enriched with fertilizer. For this, the surface must be frequently and regularly mowed level with the ground, and the weeds that grow progressively must be removed. However, avoid adding compost or fertilizer to the meadow. Then, remove the grass clippings after each mowing and when the soil is quite depleted, proceed with sowing. If the soil is very rich, you must remove a significant layer of which the thickness will be between 6 and 8 inches (15 to 20 cm). This last technique is also faster since other methods sometimes require several years of wait before performing the real work. In the case of land already and naturally depleted, work with a tractor or a spade instead. The surface that will accommodate the seeds should be well-prepared and located in an area that is well-exposed to sunshine. In the opposite case, a shaded area produces a bushy meadow with lots of foliage and few flowers.

Seedlings

If you choose to sow seeds of annuals, do so in the spring, between the months of March and June. For meadows that bloom in different seasons of the year, meaning that they are made up of perennials, it is best to sow from March to October. Despite these time periods, keep in mind that sowing cannot be carried out in times of excessive heat, frost, or when the soil is too dry due to a lack or shortage of rainfall. Seedlings are already stored in packaging in which the seeds are mixed with matter that facilitate their dispersal on-the-fly in order to get a homogeneous and harmonious ensemble of shoots. After sowing, cover the seedbed with light soil, rake it slightly and then water daily until the end of the shoot emergence period. The amount to sow per square meter depends on soil type but it is 5 grams of seeds on average. To obtain more precise information on this particular point, it is best to seek professional advice from a landscape gardener or a botany specialist. As an example, we can go up to 10 g / m² for a rocky terrain, against 2 g / m² for a very moist and fertile soil.

The maintenance of a flowery meadow

It should be watered from time to time if the soil is very dry in nature, and the wilted flowers and stems should be removed immediately. Also check for the presence of weeds that must be eliminated at all cost. For flowery meadows made up of annuals, wait until flowering is over, remove everything and start the ground preparation process for the following year’s sowing. Otherwise, proceed to regular mowing or reaping, every two months for example, in order to keep plot of land cut short. This technique allows you to see the weeds growing in the meadow to remove them easily. And once the flowers start growing, the meadow will be of better quality than that of the previous year. Concerning flowery meadows made up of perennials, seeds do not grow simultaneously. Once the first shoots have produced their flowers and have finished flowering, proceed to mowing in order to make room for the following crops and allow them to grow and flower. The cycle can be repeated over and over again. This is why it is interesting to know the different varieties present in the meadow’s floral arrangement.

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Published in Flower guide by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011