Some wait years before seeing an orchid bloom. However, the orchid is a hardy plant that requires special care to thrive. The most widespread species, whether grown in gardens or indoors, are of tropical origin. There also are some easy-to-maintain varieties, such as Phalaenopsis, or Cymbidium. But do not count on all these species blooming if you neglect them.

Most orchids prefer a temperature difference between the day and the night. This condition, in addition to humidity, stimulates their flowering. But beware; the orchid cannot bear to have its roots drenched in water, as this may cause them to rot.

How to take care of an orchid

To grow, all plants need light. The same applies to orchids. Nonetheless, avoid exposing them to direct sunlight because orchid leaves wilt when subjected to direct contact with the sun. It is therefore advisable to set up your orchid in a place lit by a bright light. At this place, the ambient humidity must be high during the day and below 15% at night.

The orchid’s watering should be carried out with non-calcareous water every ten days approximately or when the substrate is dry. Avoid watering the flowers and leaves and aim for the roots. Prefer spraying with rainwater for example. Each week, bathe your orchid by immersing it in a tub of water. You must leave it in for a few minutes until air bubbles stop rising to the surface. In doing so, you moisten the roots.

Repotting the orchid

Well-maintained, an orchid can remain in the same container for 2 or 3 years. Past that time period, it will need to be transplanted. Warning: the substrate must be light because the orchid’s roots need plenty of ventilation. Thus, there are specific composts intended for orchids and which are based on pine bark, for example. Repotting is usually done in the spring when plants begin to vegetate. As for fertilizer, use it once a month and opt for specific orchid fertilizer as well. Also, avoid applying fertilizer after flowering.

Orchids are not immune to disease. Insect pests, such as aphids, mites or mealy bugs are all potential threats. If the orchid is under attack, it is then necessary to use orchid insecticide to resolve the issue.

How to make an orchid bloom again

There are two techniques to make the orchid bloom faster. At the end of the first flowering, look for small buds on the stem. You can cut the stem below one of them. This will stimulate flowering about two months later.

After a second bloom, there will be no more buds on the stem. You must then cut the orchid at leaf level. You can also wait for it to dry before lopping it. All that remains for you to do is wait for the emergence of a new stem.

f level. You can also wait for it to dry before lopping it. All that remains for you to do is wait for the emergence of a new stem.

Related posts:

  1. Growing moth orchids
  2. Making an orchid bloom again

Published in Flower guide by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011