Apart from its aesthetic side, a lawn has many benefits. It promotes the garden’s harmony by easily combining with different kinds of plants. Furthermore, the lawn’s green colour softens the bright colours and brings a touch of tranquillity to your setting. No need to be a gardening expert to sow, plant and maintain a lawn, just follow the basics of planting and do not overlook maintenance.

Before installing your lawn, remember that you must first think about its location. Before all, depending on your possibilities, provide a large enough surface. Having a surface area in one piece allows easer maintenance and you will gain considerable time by avoiding extra work. For those that have a large garden, the grass on the outskirts of the house will require special care. The remaining portion of land will be cultivated with greater flexibility to privilege a natural appearance that is pleasant to look at. During the flowers’ growth, they may extend beyond your lawn, livening up your garden’s setting. Be careful with plants that you suspect to be quite fragile against grass, which may sometimes become invasive and persistent due to a lack of care.

The necessary preparations for the planting of a lawn

Prior to imagining a nice carpet of greenery, you must carry out some investigations, especially in regard to the soil at the location where you plan to plant the grass. It is recommended to conduct an analysis of a sample of soil. This will help you choose the right treatment to be carried out, in particular concerning products used for amendments such as peat, clay, or humus – used for soil that is mainly made of sand. A certain amount of lime will be used for soil of which the pH is basic. First of all, your plot of land must be free of large clods, roots and stones. The task is performed with a cultivator or spade to a depth of 8 inches (20 cm). To favour the earth’s healing process, carry out this step before the period of extreme cold.


You can sow in the spring or fall. Doing it during the hot season has the advantage of yielding young shoots rapidly. However, weeds also proliferate with them. Moreover, if you choose to sow in winter, weeds will not appear. However, care must be taken to protect the grass from the cold, as it could be fatal to the lawn. Carried out at a dose of about 5.53 lbs to 7.37 lbs per 100 square yards (3 to 4 kilos per 100 square meters) of land, sowing is either done with a spreader or by hand. Seeds should be covered, not buried in the ground. Use a rake to make small furrows on the ground in which seeds can easily take root. Finally, the first watering should be done drop by drop to prevent the seeds from changing places.

Lawn maintenance

Mowing is an essential step for your lawn’s maintenance. You can choose between motorized (rotary mowers), mechanical (with cylinder) or manual methods. Generally, the choice of method depends on the type of grass surface. Indeed, large areas require motorized methods. In addition, be aware that if you mow your grass very short, the roots will struggle to grow and the plant will have a hard time withstanding drought. The ideal would be to adjust the mowing height to approximately one inch (3 cm).

To save time, plan for plastic bags or a tarp to collect grass residues from mowing. This grass may be used to make mulch or compost. Still in the same vein, the use of an automated sprinkler system will be very practical and effective. Like any plant, grass needs to be watered regularly, especially in summer.

If your lawn has a hole or bump, it can easily be taken care of by proceeding to an H-shaped cut on the grass in question. Lift and spread the patches of grass delicately and, depending on the case, clear or backfill before finally sealing and tamping. Also know that a lawn needs to be regularly aerated, sports shoes equipped with cleats will do nicely. Also, do not forget the usual treatments to be carried out each year: fertilizer supplies, new sowing, addition of weedkiller and anti-rodent traps.

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Published in Grass by Alexander on 08 Aug 2011