A natural lawn beautifies the appearance of a home or estate and brings it a refreshing touch, especially during warm seasons. To keep it in good health and preserve its  green appearance, its maintenance should be granted special attention through some gardening procedures. These are not to be taken as heavy chores, but rather as a pleasant and enjoyable gardening exercise.

Being able to enjoy the presence of a lawn in one’s yard or plot of land is a good thing. However, it is also necessary to take care of it in an appropriate manner. It is unpleasant and unwelcoming to have a dry and faded lawn on the outside. Some actions should be regularly carried out to maintain a beautiful lawn. To do this, the gardener must have adequate equipment, such as a mower to cut the grass’s height, grass shears to make the grass’s height uniform after the mower’s passage, a rake to remove residues and dead leaves and a scarificator to air out the soil. Some other additional materials can also be added to those mentioned before, such as herbicide or an anti-foam agent. The maintenance carried out must take both the season and the grass’s stage of regrowth into account

Lawn care: mowing regularly

Regular mowing is an important task to maintain a lawn. It also provides the opportunity to refresh it by removing weeds. The height of regrowth depends on the turf’s age and the season. In general, regrowth equivalent to a third of the original height is a sign that mowing is once again necessary. In case the grass is often heavily trampled, the time elapsed between subsequent cuts can be longer because trampling tends to give it a compacted appearance. However, cutting the grass too short makes it vulnerable to drought and heat. For a new lawn, the first mowing should take place when it has reached about 4 inches (10 cm) in height. In this case, remove 1 to 1.5 inches (3 to 4 cm). The mowing height can be gradually increased thereafter. During the cold season, the grass grows more slowly. At this time of the year, cutting intervals are lengthened and the cutting height can be reduced. However, the grass grows more quickly from spring and throughout all summer. Mowing must thus be performed more frequently. Nevertheless, take care to leave the grass in the sun so that it takes time to adjust and withstand the heat. The ideal is to mow every  2 weeks. In addition, we must keep in mind that the operation is easier when the grass is dry to prevent it from piling up on the mower. A sharp blade is recommended to obtain a uniform height across the lawn’s whole surface.

Lawn care: periodic maintenance

A well-cut lawn also needs water in order to reinvigorate it and make it very green. During the hot season, watering should be performed daily. This may preferably be carried out at night to prevent water evaporation. To do this, 0.6 to 0.8 pt/ ft² (3 to 4 L / m²) are needed for proper irrigation. In addition, the ground needs to be aired out Indeed, it hardens with time and becomes more compact with the rain and trampling. Therefore, the healthy development of grass roots is compromised. Aeration helps break up the pieces of earth and ensures a better distribution of water and nutrients throughout the ground’s surface. To do this, use a lawn aerator. This is a simple garden tool with spikes that perforate the soil to provide better penetration of air and water. For a small-sized lawn, it is possible for the gardener to buy aerator shoes, which are commonly found in the trade among gardening articles. To maintain a lawn, it is well advised to remove weeds such as chicory, poison ivy and black medic. This can be achieved by the use of selective herbicides, taking care to respect the prescribed dosage. A good gardener will also remember to fertilize the soil with lawn fertilizer. It is also recommended to bring in supplies of potting soil in the spring to provide the lawn with the organic substances it requires. Finally, consider the possibility of replenishing the lawn when bare spots appear, to avoid degrading its overall appearance. Proceed by removing layers of dead grass and replacing them with new layers of fresh grass.

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Published in Grass by Alexander on 08 Aug 2011