The horse chestnut is a plant of the Hippocastanaceae family that can reach nearly 30 meters in size. It is a flowering plant that produces fruits, called chestnuts, through pollination. Planting a horse chestnut requires regular monitoring in order to provide it with all the necessary nutrients to boost its growth, but also to implement certain techniques such as potting.

For the culture of horse chestnut, it is possible to make a potting by using a pot containing sand, that is pierced in some places to allow good drainage, and in which either chestnuts or seedlings will be inserted.

Sowing and planting a chestnut

Certain conditions must be met to achieve a good seeding. Indeed, the use of adequate soil is essential because this plant not only needs clayey and sandy soil, but also for it to be moist and well-drained. The horse chestnut should be sown in autumn or winter because during these seasons the temperature is low, which in turn enables it to properly sprout in the spring. To achieve this, a first method consists of directly putting the nuts in a mixture of brown earth prepared in advance,  watering frequently and waiting for the sprouting of new plants, the strongest of which will then planted in areas where one wishes to have his horse chestnut. The second one consists of immersing chestnuts in a glass of water for several days until the first roots appear, at which point they must be removed and placed in the soil in the designated spaces.  Much like what is applied in the first method, only the most promising subjects will be planted.

Horse chestnut is a plant that needs a certain amount of sunlight to sustain its rapid growth. Insufficient sunlight can significantly reduce its growth, thus obstructing flower production. The choice of soil and sufficient sunlight are not to be neglected. It is useful to give the horse chestnut the nutrients needed to flourish. Thus, a supply of fertilizer is needed to enrich the soil. Some fertilizers, such as nitrogen, must be incorporated into the soil because they enable the leaves to keep their green colour. Regarding phosphorus, it is necessary to proper flower development, while potassium provides protection against various diseases and insects such as the Cameraria ohridella. Given that several types of fertilizers are available, it is imperative to respect the dosage instructions described on the package notice, as to guarantee their proper use.

The maintenance of a horse chestnut

Trees need to be maintained and cared for, as they may risk exposition to diseases caused by parasites. In order for the chestnut to grow properly, its culture must be carried out on suitable soil and it must be frequently treated. To keep better track of its evolution, it is possible to draw-up a chart on which all stages of growth will be recorded. When a disease is noticed, it must be treated as quickly as possible with an adequate fungicide or insecticide. Horse chestnut is also resistant to many insects and diseases, but the most common illness is most often made evident by the premature drying of leaves. In this case, the dead leaves will need to be collected and the affected ones removed from the tree before being destroyed. In addition, to avoid depletion of the plant, yellow and wilted leaves must be removed. At one stage of plant growth you will see the roots fill the pot, at which point you will either need to transplant into a larger pot or break the initial one to allow for good branching and breathing. Repotting is essential for the horse chestnut as it allows the gardener to trim long overflowing roots, as well as cut off branches. Finally, regular watering is needed; although it should be avoided in excess as it causes the roots to rot and can negatively affect the plant. A fertile ground that facilitates drainage, as well as a supply of organic fertilizers, both contribute to the maintenance of the horse chestnut.

No related posts.

Published in Large trees by Alexander on 04 Jul 2011