Mango, a tree with substantial foliage that provides generous amounts of shade, is also a fruit tree native to Asia, and that has many medicinal properties. It is pleasant to have on a porch as a decorative element or as a garden plant. Its leaves, bark and sap are used in traditional medicine. In addition, its fruit, mango, is an ingredient of many soft drinks, spirits and even liquor.

Originally planted for its fruit, which was a delicious dessert, the mango tree is now grown as much for decorative purposes as for its natural properties, which are very popular in the field of pharmaceuticals and industry.

Overview of the mango tree

Very strong and often centennial, the mango tree can grow up to 100 feet and withstand temperatures slightly below 30 ° F, but it grows best in tropical areas with alternating wet and dry seasons. The fruits, produced between the sixth and tenth year, are green, yellow, orange or red depending on the species and can weigh up to 4.5 lbs each. The foliage is made up of broad, thin green leaves that can reach up to 12 inches in length. The mango tree usually develops between the third and sixth year, during the dry season. Its rooting is very deep in proportionately large grounds. This allows water impregnation in the ground’s bottom sediments and a supply of nutrients in the upper sediments. Note however that young plants contain very little water.

Germinating a mango tree

To plant a mango tree, a mango seed is required. It must first be cleaned and dried in the sun for a few days; drying the core prevents mould proliferation which could attack the embryo. The expected outcome is to get a dry seed that is rough to the touch. The mango seed thus obtained must be cut open with a knife. Carefully remove the hard outer shell that protects the embryo. Care must be taken not to damage the embryo as it is sometimes pressed against the envelope. Cut a plastic bottle in half and use the bottom as a reservoir in which you will put earth mixed with light potting soil. The embryo is then incorporated in the mixture thus produced. When implanting, leave a little part of the embryo sticking out to prevent the germ from being crushed as it emerges, then water thoroughly. The pot is then exposed to direct sunlight whenever the weather is nice, often at temperatures above 68 ° F for the soil to be sufficiently heated. On evenings, it is recommended to bring the pot back inside to prevent the seedling from being exposed to the night’s cool air. Once the earth starts drying on the surface, it must be watered reasonably. After two to three weeks, the ground splits to reveal a rootlet. Therefore, you can stop placing the pot in full sun, but set it in a shaded part of a patio located in a bright environment. A few days later, a rigorous stem begins to lift the soil. As the days go by, this stem grows in height and starts producing reddish leaves first, then green ones. When the leaves are completely green, you can place the pot in the sun again. The mango tree spends three out of four seasons outside, then goes through winter in a sunroom in order to continue to grow. In addition, you can put sturdier plants in larger containers. These can easily be brought inside during winter, be placed in a damp and shady corner, and be lighted up every once in a while with a lamp. The future mango tree will grow normally, and you can give it a proper size by pruning it regularly to stimulate the growth of branches. It bears more leaves on its tip, and the stem starts browning before taking on the shape of a tree trunk.

Maintenance of the mango tree

A very delicate shrub, the mango seedling is easily subject to disease. Therefore, it is recommended to put it in a sunny, bright, and warm area with good soil. The mango tree needs sufficient amounts of water, without which the leaves turn yellow and the plant may die. At first, it should be watered every day, and every three days thereafter to keep the ground wet. On the other hand, fungi and insects can hinder the mango’s growth. To resolve this issue, it is recommended to protect the mango tree by spraying it with phytosanitary products. Moreover, it is strongly advised to limit the use of chemicals that could significantly disrupt the activity of flies and bees responsible for its pollination. Finally, to facilitate the mango’s flowering, it is advisable to thin it by pruning it regularly.

Related posts:

  1. Tips for successfully planting and maintaining palm trees
  2. Cultivating almond trees
  3. Planting and maintaining chestnut
  4. Planting and maintaining an ash
  5. Planting and maintaining a banana tree

Published in Exotic trees by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011