The plant’s health largely depends on the maintenance it receives. For proper maintenance, it is essential to repot overflowing plants and, afterwards, replant the young seedlings. First of all, we must gather the materials needed for maintenance and then prepare the ground that will host the new plants. It should be noted that particular importance should also be given to watering after repotting and transplanting.

Several factors can cause plant decay in general, including overcrowding of the root system, diseases, parasites, smothering of the foliage or the depleted soil in which they are planted. The choice to be made between repotting and transplantation depends on the plant’s state. First of all, if this concerns a plant of which the roots are outside of their container or if you want to get more shoots from this same plant, you can proceed to repotting at any time of year . Secondly, replanting is aimed at airing out the plant’s root system or to move the plant into a new nutrient-rich soil. Replant only when the plant’s natural cycle comes to a standstill between autumn and spring. For both types of maintenance, you’ll need terra cotta or plastic pots. Choose containers that have a receptacle to maintain a minimum of moisture. Then use a small garden trowel to work with small pots and a larger one for large containers. The essential cutting tools are the clippers to prune the plant when repotting to prevent evaporation, a knife to sever excess roots and a spade to till the soil. When you repot, remember to prepare new potting soil to replace the old one. In terms of fertilizer, it will serve to enrich the soil in cases of transplantations. Accessories such as brushes are also essential, insofar as the containers full of mud will need to be cleaned with water to which a dose of bleach will be added.

When and how to repot a plant?

Plants can be repotted whenever you wish. However the ideal is to do it when you see that the roots go beyond the container and slow the plant’s growth. The growing roots are a sign that the nutrients in the soil were drawn only by the roots at the expense of other organs, thus causing wilting or death of the plant. To avoid such situations, it is advisable to place the plant in another wider and deeper container. However, the leafy parts should not be buried in the ground. To do this, choose pots with dimensions twice as large as the plant’s size. Do not take pots that have a rounded shape because their opening is too tight. You can also separate the same plant and plant two new plants in two different pots. The repotting technique first involves removing a plant from its old container. Do not uproot it by pulling out the roots, but instead hold it at the base of the stem between the roots and the plant’s upper part. Then, cut off the excess roots and dip them in water for a few hours in order for them to be hydrated. This immersion makes the soil’s adhesion to the roots that much easier.  While the roots are waterlogged, prepare container that will accommodate the plant. If you keep the old pot, clean it thoroughly with a bleach solution that will kill all parasites and diseases. If necessary, immerse the container in water. Using a brush, scrub the inner surface and rinse again with clear water. Pour wood shavings and clay beads at the container’s bottom. These two ingredients retain the roots’ moisture and prevent them from clogging the pot. Regarding new potting soil, it is advisable to mix fertilizer and peat with planting soil to provide the plant with nutrients.

When and how to replant a plant?

To replant, you’ll need a spade to uproot the plant and cultivate somewhere else. Replanting is the best solution for a plant to grow under optimum conditions. Indeed, it is absolutely necessary to replant a plant in a spacious area without letting it hinder the growth of other plants. If the plant is small, trim it regularly to the roots for the plant not to invade the whole garden. Respect a two year break between each pruning. For those who want to get another self-sufficient plant, they must uproot the plant and remove a shoot with a bud. Transplant the shoot elsewhere. If you want to keep the mother plant, it can be replanted in a deeper hole so that the roots, as well as the entire plant, remain healthy. Two days before uprooting the plant, water it thoroughly and prune the invasive branches. Replanting itself thus consists of mapping out and digging a trench around the plant. Its diameter should be equal to that of the plant to uproot. If the old roots are hard, cut them off with an axe. Gently pull out and, if needed, take a bit of planting soil in which the plant originally grew to help it adapt gradually to its new environment. Contrary to repotting, it is unnecessary to amend the new soil with fertilizer. When you put the plant into the ground, water it until the soil is extremely loose or even bogged. Set up a stake for the plant to be stable, especially in sandy or windy areas.

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Published in Care by Alexander on 06 Jul 2011